BANGOR, Me. — Senator Susan Collins of Maine appeared to have a problem on her fingers.

A Republican working for re-election in a troublesome 12 months for her celebration, Ms. Collins was opposed by a well-funded Democrat with a political base in vote-rich Southern Maine who hoped to capitalize on the unpopularity of the Republican within the White Home. However in that 2008 race, even because the G.O.P. presidential nominee misplaced Maine by 17 proportion factors, Ms. Collins gained re-election by over 20 factors, carrying each county within the state.

That was then.

Twelve years after what Ms. Collins thought was essentially the most troublesome re-election of her profession, she is dealing with eerily comparable circumstances — however this time she’s within the combat of her political life. And it’s what has modified since 2008 in Maine, the Republican Social gathering and politics broadly that would finish her profession.

The four-term senator has alienated Democrats right here and past by voting to verify Justice Brett M. Kavanaugh. She has change into a nationwide punchline amongst liberals for what they see as her toothless tut-tutting of President Trump, whom she is invariably “involved” about. And she or he’s been out-raised $63 million to $25 million by her Democratic opponent, Sara Gideon, the speaker of the State Home.

Ms. Collins’s greatest downside this 12 months, nonetheless, is probably not Ms. Gideon or the out-of-state donors desperate to ship her a message, however reasonably the shifting floor underneath her toes.

She is confronting a state, sharply cleaved by area and sophistication, that will have been politically unrecognizable to her predecessors; an more and more alien celebration overtaken by a president who calls for unflinching loyalty; and, maybe most daunting of all, a polarized political tradition that elevates tribalism and nationwide points over the bipartisanship and pork-barreling that she has all the time pursued.

“I don’t know if folks reply as properly to that anymore,” conceded former Senator William S. Cohen of Maine, a average Republican whom Ms. Collins succeeded within the Senate after working for him as a younger employees member. “Therein lies the problem of being any person within the center.”

Ms. Collins is the one Republican senator on the poll this 12 months who has not endorsed Mr. Trump.

In an interview on her marketing campaign bus, she acknowledged momentarily contemplating working this 12 months as an unbiased — “it crossed my thoughts,” she stated — however was fast to notice that she couldn’t simply abandon “the New England model of Republicanism.”

It’s a dying breed. Ms. Collins is the one remaining Republican member of Congress from New England.

Equally endangered, although, are any senators who can win re-election when their celebration’s nominee is soundly defeated within the state. Mr. Trump is predicted to be aggressive solely in Maine’s Second Congressional District, which he gained in 2016, and even there polls suggest that Joseph R. Biden Jr., the Democratic nominee, has an edge.

In 1984, when Ronald Reagan gained a 49-state landslide, Democrats nonetheless netted two Senate seats. And whilst just lately as 2008, Republicans like Ms. Collins had been profitable re-election in blue states whereas Democratic senators had been cruising in pink ones like South Dakota and West Virginia.

By 2016, although, the outcomes of each Senate race mirrored the state’s desire within the presidential race.

Now Ms. Collins isn’t any extra prone to outrun Mr. Trump by 20 factors, as she did John McCain in 2008, than Maine is to embrace crab over lobster as its crustacean of alternative.

Her argument, although, is that there are exceptions to this period of polarization, and that well-known lawmakers in flippantly populated states can overcome the partisan tide. Senators Jon Tester of Montana and Joe Manchin III of West Virginia, for instance, each gained as Democrats in Republican-leaning states simply two years in the past.

“There’s lots of parallels,” Ms. Collins stated. “I nonetheless consider that almost all voters need issues solved and that they’re delay by this us-against-them tribalism.”

Listening to Ms. Collins kick off her statewide bus tour in Bangor was like stepping right into a political time machine.

She drew applause after trumpeting her document as essentially the most bipartisan senator, famous that she had by no means missed a ground vote and bragged concerning the federal {dollars} she had delivered for brand new breakwaters in small communities.

Then she delivered the finale: “Together with your assist, after I’m re-elected, a 12 months later I change into the chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee,” she introduced.

The pitch resonated with some supporters, however even they had been self-aware concerning the dated nature of Ms. Collins’s attraction.

“I assume I’m a dinosaur in that I admire her centrist views and in addition I admire that she’s been doing this a very long time and has rating positions on lots of essential committees,” stated Janna Jensen of close by Brewer. “I don’t know the way many individuals worth that.”

A New York Times-Siena College survey final month pointed to the restrictions of localism — and that was earlier than the loss of life of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg elevated the Supreme Courtroom and points like abortion rights.

Fifty p.c of Mainers stated nationwide points, like which celebration controls the Senate, had been most essential to their Senate vote, whereas 41 p.c stated native issues, similar to who can do extra for Maine, had been paramount.

A Rhode Island native, as Ms. Collins delights in noting, Ms. Gideon has made well being care the centerpiece of her marketing campaign, much more than Ms. Collins’s vote on Justice Kavanaugh.

Throughout her time within the Legislature, the Democrat pushed to broaden Medicaid
within the state, clashing with former Gov. Paul LePage, a Republican, on the problem.

As a lot as any particular person coverage concern, although, Ms. Gideon’s core message is {that a} vote for Ms. Collins is a vote to maintain Republicans accountable for the Senate.

“So long as Susan Collins is elected once more to the USA Senate, Mitch McConnell will once more probably be the Senate majority chief,” Ms. Gideon advised attendees at a supper close to Lewiston final month.

She repeated a model of that line in a short interview afterward, and grew barely defensive when that was identified.

“I don’t stroll round speaking about Mitch McConnell on a regular basis,” she stated, earlier than retreating to a speaking level about what Mainers concentrate on “after they sit down at their kitchen desk.”

But Ms. Gideon was extra candid on the finish of the dialog, when requested if she was pleased with the Senate contest’s changing into nationalized.

“We’re the place we’re on this nation,” she stated.

And Ms. Collins is the place she is, within the dwindling center between a celebration that loves Mr. Trump and one which loathes him.

Essentially the most continuously heard criticism of her is that she has modified, and has betrayed her average roots. Ms. Gideon has inspired this sentiment and, when requested what she had in thoughts, cited Ms. Collins’s assist for the 2017 Republican tax cuts.

But Ms. Collins additionally supported George W. Bush’s equally high-end tax cuts, simply as she backed his nominees to the Supreme Courtroom.

What Maine voters usually imply after they say Ms. Collins has modified, although, is that the Republican Social gathering has modified — and by that they imply Mr. Trump.

“The celebration has moved proper,” stated Carl Bucciantini, a retired instructor who got here to listen to Ms. Gideon. “It was conservative underneath Reagan, conservative underneath the Bushes and now it’s simply loopy.”

Sustain with Election 2020

Ms. Collins continues to dodge the query of how she’ll vote for president, however she stated final month that she would most likely keep away from Mr. Trump if he campaigned in Maine.

In the identical interview, performed earlier than the loss of life of Justice Ginsburg, Ms. Collins stated she would oppose filling a Supreme Courtroom emptiness in October. For the reason that senator reaffirmed that view after Justice Ginsburg’s loss of life, Mr. Trump has repeatedly criticized Ms. Collins.

“I believe that Susan Collins goes to be damage very badly — her folks aren’t going to take this,” the president predicted in September, earlier than heckling her on Twitter final week for opposing the hasty courtroom nomination.

Pressed as to why she by no means absolutely broke with Mr. Trump the identical approach that her heroine, former Maine Senator Margaret Chase Smith, had confronted Joseph McCarthy, Ms. Collins recalled that she had helped torpedo the trouble to repeal the Reasonably priced Care Act and parted methods with the president on points like his try to make use of army cash for a border wall.

“I’ve had so many Margaret Chase Smith moments,” she stated.

The extra persuasive reply, although, got here from a supporter on the bus tour introduction who loathes Mr. Trump however stated Ms. Collins was caught in a political vise.

“She will be able to’t,” stated the supporter, Kathy Anderson, when requested why Ms. Collins wouldn’t condemn Mr. Trump. “Take a look at the demographics right here.”

Maine has all the time been cut up between its extra prosperous shoreline and its blue-collar inside. However the political and social hole has widened even additional lately.

“A variety of the folks down listed here are extra linked to Napa Valley than they’re Penobscot Valley,” stated John Baldacci, a former Democratic governor of the state, who grew up in Bangor and now works in Portland.

The inflow of transplants alongside the Maine coast and the migration of working-class whites into the Republican Social gathering underneath Mr. Trump and Mr. LePage, who referred to as himself “Trump earlier than Trump,” have upended the state’s politics.

Maybe most important, and for Ms. Collins most threatening, Mr. LePage’s consecutive plurality victories prompted Maine to enact ranked-choice voting. On this system, voters rank their desire on the poll in order that those that obtain few first-place votes are eradicated and the eventual winner garners a majority.

Which means the votes of these supporting a liberal unbiased candidate, Lisa Savage, can in the end go to Ms. Gideon if Ms. Savage’s backers listing Ms. Gideon as their second alternative.

It’s a big shift in a state with a protracted custom of independence.

Maine has elected two unaffiliated governors within the final half-century and in 1992 handed Ross Perot greater than 30 p.c of the vote, his finest displaying of any state. Now, although, it has the identical red-and-blue divide as the remainder of the nation — and the previous outlines of its political map have been redrawn.

Republicans used to run up a few of their finest margins in rich enclaves alongside the Atlantic, whereas Democrats constantly fared finest in immigrant-heavy and union-organized mill cities additional inland.

Maps from the final two main elections, the 2016 presidential contest and the 2018 governor’s race, reveal a near-unbroken stretch of Democratic blue up the Atlantic Coast from Kittery to Bar Harbor.

There are successfully two states — one working class and extra pro-Trump, and the opposite extra upscale and deeply contemptuous of the president — that Ms. Collins should bridge.

They may be seen within the Trump garden indicators sprouting up throughout inland Maine and the ubiquity of Biden indicators almost wherever saltwater is within the air.

Again on Ms. Collins’s bus, she concluded an interview by recalling that in 2008 she “solely misplaced eight communities in your complete state.”

However as soon as she stepped into the workplace of an oil heating firm to handle staff, she returned to the current.

“The nation is so polarized and Maine is, too, sadly,” Ms. Collins stated.

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